集群网络组件—Calico替换Flanneld

集群网络组件—Calico替换Flanneld

Deng YongJie's blog 1,173 2023-07-08

Calico官网介绍,注意版本对应关系

https://docs.tigera.io/archive

calico-v3.21兼容K8Sv1.20-1.22

https://docs.tigera.io/archive/v3.21/getting-started/kubernetes/requirements

image-20230619115451442

calico-v3.18兼容K8Sv1.18-1.20

https://docs.tigera.io/archive/v3.18/getting-started/kubernetes/requirements

image-20230619115605860

流程

#添加kubelet参数
vim /lib/systemd/system/kubelet.service
--network-plugin=cni --cni-conf-dir=/etc/cni/net.d --cni-bin-dir=/opt/cni/bin

curl https://docs.projectcalico.org/archive/v3.18/manifests/calico-etcd.yaml -O

#修改yaml文件
vim calico-etcd.yaml

#1.注释原有通过configmap创建secret,使用挂载宿主机的etcd密钥。这里是daemonset类型,即是calico的。
        # Mount in the etcd TLS secrets with mode 400.
        # See https://kubernetes.io/docs/concepts/configuration/secret/
        #- name: etcd-certs
        #  secret:
        #    secretName: calico-etcd-secrets
        #    defaultMode: 0400
        - name: etcd-certs
          hostPath:
            path: /etc/etcd/ssl/

#2.修改pod的网段
            # The default IPv4 pool to create on startup if none exists. Pod IPs will be
            # chosen from this range. Changing this value after installation will have
            # no effect. This should fall within `--cluster-cidr`.
            - name: CALICO_IPV4POOL_CIDR
              value: "172.17.0.0/16"

#3.配置新增apiserver的环境变量
      containers:
        # Runs calico-node container on each Kubernetes node. This
        # container programs network policy and routes on each
        # host.
        - name: calico-node
          image: reg.fpdev.tech/proxy/calico/node:v3.18.6
          envFrom:
          - configMapRef:
              # Allow KUBERNETES_SERVICE_HOST and KUBERNETES_SERVICE_PORT to be overridden for eBPF mode.
              name: kubernetes-services-endpoint
              optional: true
          env:
            - name: KUBERNETES_SERVICE_HOST
              value: "10.7.0.60"
            - name: KUBERNETES_SERVICE_PORT
              value: "6443"
            - name: KUBERNETES_SERVICE_PORT_HTTPS
              value: "6443"

#4.修改configmap挂载的数据,注意要对应实际的etcd密钥文件名字
data:
  # Configure this with the location of your etcd cluster.
  etcd_endpoints: "https://10.7.0.60:2379,https://10.7.0.61:2379,https://10.7.0.62:2379"
  # If you're using TLS enabled etcd uncomment the following.
  # You must also populate the Secret below with these files.
  etcd_ca: "/calico-secrets/ca.pem"
  etcd_cert: "/calico-secrets/server.pem"
  etcd_key: "/calico-secrets/server-key.pem"


#5.这里还需要修改deployment类型,calico-controller控制器的挂载点。

      volumes:
        # Mount in the etcd TLS secrets with mode 400.
        # See https://kubernetes.io/docs/concepts/configuration/secret/
        #- name: etcd-certs
        #  secret:
        #    secretName: calico-etcd-secrets
        #    defaultMode: 0400
        - name : etcd-certs
          hostPath:
            path: /etc/etcd/ssl

#6,注意每个worker节点都要授权755,否则控制器会提示无权限!
chmod 755 /etc/etcd/ssl/*


#然后部署calico,再重启kubelet
kubectl apply -f calico-etcd.yaml


#等待calico启动成功后,去worker节点测试跨节点pod通讯是否正常。随便部署几个pod
---
apiVersion: v1
kind: Service
metadata:
  name: nginx-svc
spec:
  selector:
    app: nginx
  ports:
  - protocol: TCP
    port: 80
    targetPort: 80
---
apiVersion: apps/v1
kind: nginx
metadata:
  name: nginx
spec:
  replicas: 3
  selector:
    matchLabels:
      app: nginx
  template:
    metadata:
      labels:
        app: nginx
    spec:
      containers:
      - name: nginx
        image: nginx 
---
apiVersion: networking.k8s.io/v1
kind: NetworkPolicy
metadata:
  name: deny-nginx
spec:
  podSelector:
    matchLabels:
      app: nginx


#正常后,重启kubelet的参数生效
systemctl daemon-reload
systemctl restart kubelet


##下面是修改好的yaml文件

---
# Source: calico/templates/calico-etcd-secrets.yaml
# The following contains k8s Secrets for use with a TLS enabled etcd cluster.
# For information on populating Secrets, see http://kubernetes.io/docs/user-guide/secrets/
apiVersion: v1
kind: Secret
type: Opaque
metadata:
  name: calico-etcd-secrets
  namespace: kube-system
data:
  # Populate the following with etcd TLS configuration if desired, but leave blank if
  # not using TLS for etcd.
  # The keys below should be uncommented and the values populated with the base64
  # encoded contents of each file that would be associated with the TLS data.
  # Example command for encoding a file contents: cat <file> | base64 -w 0
  # etcd-key: null
  # etcd-cert: null
  # etcd-ca: null
---
# Source: calico/templates/calico-config.yaml
# This ConfigMap is used to configure a self-hosted Calico installation.
kind: ConfigMap
apiVersion: v1
metadata:
  name: calico-config
  namespace: kube-system
data:
  # Configure this with the location of your etcd cluster.
  etcd_endpoints: "https://10.7.0.60:2379,https://10.7.0.61:2379,https://10.7.0.62:2379"
  # If you're using TLS enabled etcd uncomment the following.
  # You must also populate the Secret below with these files.
  etcd_ca: "/calico-secrets/ca.pem"
  etcd_cert: "/calico-secrets/server.pem"
  etcd_key: "/calico-secrets/server-key.pem"
  # Typha is disabled.
  typha_service_name: "none"
  # Configure the backend to use.
  calico_backend: "bird"

  # Configure the MTU to use for workload interfaces and tunnels.
  # By default, MTU is auto-detected, and explicitly setting this field should not be required.
  # You can override auto-detection by providing a non-zero value.
  veth_mtu: "0"

  # The CNI network configuration to install on each node. The special
  # values in this config will be automatically populated.
  cni_network_config: |-
    {
      "name": "k8s-pod-network",
      "cniVersion": "0.3.1",
      "plugins": [
        {
          "type": "calico",
          "log_level": "info",
          "log_file_path": "/var/log/calico/cni/cni.log",
          "etcd_endpoints": "__ETCD_ENDPOINTS__",
          "etcd_key_file": "__ETCD_KEY_FILE__",
          "etcd_cert_file": "__ETCD_CERT_FILE__",
          "etcd_ca_cert_file": "__ETCD_CA_CERT_FILE__",
          "mtu": __CNI_MTU__,
          "ipam": {
              "type": "calico-ipam"
          },
          "policy": {
              "type": "k8s"
          },
          "kubernetes": {
              "kubeconfig": "__KUBECONFIG_FILEPATH__"
          }
        },
        {
          "type": "portmap",
          "snat": true,
          "capabilities": {"portMappings": true}
        },
        {
          "type": "bandwidth",
          "capabilities": {"bandwidth": true}
        }
      ]
    }

---
# Source: calico/templates/calico-kube-controllers-rbac.yaml

# Include a clusterrole for the kube-controllers component,
# and bind it to the calico-kube-controllers serviceaccount.
kind: ClusterRole
apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1
metadata:
  name: calico-kube-controllers
rules:
  # Pods are monitored for changing labels.
  # The node controller monitors Kubernetes nodes.
  # Namespace and serviceaccount labels are used for policy.
  - apiGroups: [""]
    resources:
      - pods
      - nodes
      - namespaces
      - serviceaccounts
    verbs:
      - watch
      - list
      - get
  # Watch for changes to Kubernetes NetworkPolicies.
  - apiGroups: ["networking.k8s.io"]
    resources:
      - networkpolicies
    verbs:
      - watch
      - list
---
kind: ClusterRoleBinding
apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1
metadata:
  name: calico-kube-controllers
roleRef:
  apiGroup: rbac.authorization.k8s.io
  kind: ClusterRole
  name: calico-kube-controllers
subjects:
- kind: ServiceAccount
  name: calico-kube-controllers
  namespace: kube-system
---

---
# Source: calico/templates/calico-node-rbac.yaml
# Include a clusterrole for the calico-node DaemonSet,
# and bind it to the calico-node serviceaccount.
kind: ClusterRole
apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1
metadata:
  name: calico-node
rules:
  # The CNI plugin needs to get pods, nodes, and namespaces.
  - apiGroups: [""]
    resources:
      - pods
      - nodes
      - namespaces
    verbs:
      - get
  - apiGroups: [""]
    resources:
      - endpoints
      - services
    verbs:
      # Used to discover service IPs for advertisement.
      - watch
      - list
  # Pod CIDR auto-detection on kubeadm needs access to config maps.
  - apiGroups: [""]
    resources:
      - configmaps
    verbs:
      - get
  - apiGroups: [""]
    resources:
      - nodes/status
    verbs:
      # Needed for clearing NodeNetworkUnavailable flag.
      - patch

---
apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1
kind: ClusterRoleBinding
metadata:
  name: calico-node
roleRef:
  apiGroup: rbac.authorization.k8s.io
  kind: ClusterRole
  name: calico-node
subjects:
- kind: ServiceAccount
  name: calico-node
  namespace: kube-system

---
# Source: calico/templates/calico-node.yaml
# This manifest installs the calico-node container, as well
# as the CNI plugins and network config on
# each master and worker node in a Kubernetes cluster.
kind: DaemonSet
apiVersion: apps/v1
metadata:
  name: calico-node
  namespace: kube-system
  labels:
    k8s-app: calico-node
spec:
  selector:
    matchLabels:
      k8s-app: calico-node
  updateStrategy:
    type: RollingUpdate
    rollingUpdate:
      maxUnavailable: 1
  template:
    metadata:
      labels:
        k8s-app: calico-node
    spec:
      nodeSelector:
        kubernetes.io/os: linux
      hostNetwork: true
      tolerations:
        # Make sure calico-node gets scheduled on all nodes.
        - effect: NoSchedule
          operator: Exists
        # Mark the pod as a critical add-on for rescheduling.
        - key: CriticalAddonsOnly
          operator: Exists
        - effect: NoExecute
          operator: Exists
      serviceAccountName: calico-node
      # Minimize downtime during a rolling upgrade or deletion; tell Kubernetes to do a "force
      # deletion": https://kubernetes.io/docs/concepts/workloads/pods/pod/#termination-of-pods.
      terminationGracePeriodSeconds: 0
      priorityClassName: system-node-critical
      initContainers:
        # This container installs the CNI binaries
        # and CNI network config file on each node.
        - name: install-cni
          image: reg.fpdev.tech/proxy/calico/cni:v3.18.6
          command: ["/opt/cni/bin/install"]
          envFrom:
          - configMapRef:
              # Allow KUBERNETES_SERVICE_HOST and KUBERNETES_SERVICE_PORT to be overridden for eBPF mode.
              name: kubernetes-services-endpoint
              optional: true
          env:
            # Name of the CNI config file to create.
            - name: CNI_CONF_NAME
              value: "10-calico.conflist"
            # The CNI network config to install on each node.
            - name: CNI_NETWORK_CONFIG
              valueFrom:
                configMapKeyRef:
                  name: calico-config
                  key: cni_network_config
            # The location of the etcd cluster.
            - name: ETCD_ENDPOINTS
              valueFrom:
                configMapKeyRef:
                  name: calico-config
                  key: etcd_endpoints
            # CNI MTU Config variable
            - name: CNI_MTU
              valueFrom:
                configMapKeyRef:
                  name: calico-config
                  key: veth_mtu
            # Prevents the container from sleeping forever.
            - name: SLEEP
              value: "false"
          volumeMounts:
            - mountPath: /host/opt/cni/bin
              name: cni-bin-dir
            - mountPath: /host/etc/cni/net.d
              name: cni-net-dir
            - mountPath: /calico-secrets
              name: etcd-certs
          securityContext:
            privileged: true
        # Adds a Flex Volume Driver that creates a per-pod Unix Domain Socket to allow Dikastes
        # to communicate with Felix over the Policy Sync API.
        - name: flexvol-driver
          image: reg.fpdev.tech/proxy/calico/pod2daemon-flexvol:v3.18.6
          volumeMounts:
          - name: flexvol-driver-host
            mountPath: /host/driver
          securityContext:
            privileged: true
      containers:
        # Runs calico-node container on each Kubernetes node. This
        # container programs network policy and routes on each
        # host.
        - name: calico-node
          image: reg.fpdev.tech/proxy/calico/node:v3.18.6
          envFrom:
          - configMapRef:
              # Allow KUBERNETES_SERVICE_HOST and KUBERNETES_SERVICE_PORT to be overridden for eBPF mode.
              name: kubernetes-services-endpoint
              optional: true
          env:
            - name: KUBERNETES_SERVICE_HOST
              value: "10.7.0.60"
            - name: KUBERNETES_SERVICE_PORT
              value: "6443"
            - name: KUBERNETES_SERVICE_PORT_HTTPS
              value: "6443"
            # The location of the etcd cluster.
            - name: ETCD_ENDPOINTS
              valueFrom:
                configMapKeyRef:
                  name: calico-config
                  key: etcd_endpoints
            # Location of the CA certificate for etcd.
            - name: ETCD_CA_CERT_FILE
              valueFrom:
                configMapKeyRef:
                  name: calico-config
                  key: etcd_ca
            # Location of the client key for etcd.
            - name: ETCD_KEY_FILE
              valueFrom:
                configMapKeyRef:
                  name: calico-config
                  key: etcd_key
            # Location of the client certificate for etcd.
            - name: ETCD_CERT_FILE
              valueFrom:
                configMapKeyRef:
                  name: calico-config
                  key: etcd_cert
            # Set noderef for node controller.
            - name: CALICO_K8S_NODE_REF
              valueFrom:
                fieldRef:
                  fieldPath: spec.nodeName
            # Choose the backend to use.
            - name: CALICO_NETWORKING_BACKEND
              valueFrom:
                configMapKeyRef:
                  name: calico-config
                  key: calico_backend
            # Cluster type to identify the deployment type
            - name: CLUSTER_TYPE
              value: "k8s,bgp"
            # Auto-detect the BGP IP address.
            - name: IP
              value: "autodetect"
            # Enable IPIP
            - name: CALICO_IPV4POOL_IPIP
              value: "Always"
            # Enable or Disable VXLAN on the default IP pool.
            - name: CALICO_IPV4POOL_VXLAN
              value: "Never"
            # Set MTU for tunnel device used if ipip is enabled
            - name: FELIX_IPINIPMTU
              valueFrom:
                configMapKeyRef:
                  name: calico-config
                  key: veth_mtu
            # Set MTU for the VXLAN tunnel device.
            - name: FELIX_VXLANMTU
              valueFrom:
                configMapKeyRef:
                  name: calico-config
                  key: veth_mtu
            # Set MTU for the Wireguard tunnel device.
            - name: FELIX_WIREGUARDMTU
              valueFrom:
                configMapKeyRef:
                  name: calico-config
                  key: veth_mtu
            # The default IPv4 pool to create on startup if none exists. Pod IPs will be
            # chosen from this range. Changing this value after installation will have
            # no effect. This should fall within `--cluster-cidr`.
            - name: CALICO_IPV4POOL_CIDR
              value: "172.17.0.0/16"
              #Disable file logging so `kubectl logs` works.
            - name: CALICO_DISABLE_FILE_LOGGING
              value: "true"
            # Set Felix endpoint to host default action to ACCEPT.
            - name: FELIX_DEFAULTENDPOINTTOHOSTACTION
              value: "ACCEPT"
            # Disable IPv6 on Kubernetes.
            - name: FELIX_IPV6SUPPORT
              value: "false"
            # Set Felix logging to "info"
            - name: FELIX_LOGSEVERITYSCREEN
              value: "info"
            - name: FELIX_HEALTHENABLED
              value: "true"
          securityContext:
            privileged: true
          resources:
            requests:
              cpu: 250m
          livenessProbe:
            exec:
              command:
              - /bin/calico-node
              - -felix-live
              - -bird-live
            periodSeconds: 10
            initialDelaySeconds: 10
            failureThreshold: 6
          readinessProbe:
            exec:
              command:
              - /bin/calico-node
              - -felix-ready
              - -bird-ready
            periodSeconds: 10
          volumeMounts:
            - mountPath: /lib/modules
              name: lib-modules
              readOnly: true
            - mountPath: /run/xtables.lock
              name: xtables-lock
              readOnly: false
            - mountPath: /var/run/calico
              name: var-run-calico
              readOnly: false
            - mountPath: /var/lib/calico
              name: var-lib-calico
              readOnly: false
            - mountPath: /calico-secrets
              name: etcd-certs
            - name: policysync
              mountPath: /var/run/nodeagent
            # For eBPF mode, we need to be able to mount the BPF filesystem at /sys/fs/bpf so we mount in the
            # parent directory.
            - name: sysfs
              mountPath: /sys/fs/
              # Bidirectional means that, if we mount the BPF filesystem at /sys/fs/bpf it will propagate to the host.
              # If the host is known to mount that filesystem already then Bidirectional can be omitted.
              mountPropagation: Bidirectional
            - name: cni-log-dir
              mountPath: /var/log/calico/cni
              readOnly: true
      volumes:
        # Used by calico-node.
        - name: lib-modules
          hostPath:
            path: /lib/modules
        - name: var-run-calico
          hostPath:
            path: /var/run/calico
        - name: var-lib-calico
          hostPath:
            path: /var/lib/calico
        - name: xtables-lock
          hostPath:
            path: /run/xtables.lock
            type: FileOrCreate
        - name: sysfs
          hostPath:
            path: /sys/fs/
            type: DirectoryOrCreate
        # Used to install CNI.
        - name: cni-bin-dir
          hostPath:
            path: /opt/cni/bin
        - name: cni-net-dir
          hostPath:
            path: /etc/cni/net.d
        # Used to access CNI logs.
        - name: cni-log-dir
          hostPath:
            path: /var/log/calico/cni
        # Mount in the etcd TLS secrets with mode 400.
        # See https://kubernetes.io/docs/concepts/configuration/secret/
        #- name: etcd-certs
        #  secret:
        #    secretName: calico-etcd-secrets
        #    defaultMode: 0400
        - name: etcd-certs
          hostPath:
            path: /etc/etcd/ssl/
        # Used to create per-pod Unix Domain Sockets
        - name: policysync
          hostPath:
            type: DirectoryOrCreate
            path: /var/run/nodeagent
        # Used to install Flex Volume Driver
        - name: flexvol-driver-host
          hostPath:
            type: DirectoryOrCreate
            path: /usr/libexec/kubernetes/kubelet-plugins/volume/exec/nodeagent~uds
---

apiVersion: v1
kind: ServiceAccount
metadata:
  name: calico-node
  namespace: kube-system

---
# Source: calico/templates/calico-kube-controllers.yaml
# See https://github.com/projectcalico/kube-controllers
apiVersion: apps/v1
kind: Deployment
metadata:
  name: calico-kube-controllers
  namespace: kube-system
  labels:
    k8s-app: calico-kube-controllers
spec:
  # The controllers can only have a single active instance.
  replicas: 1
  selector:
    matchLabels:
      k8s-app: calico-kube-controllers
  strategy:
    type: Recreate
  template:
    metadata:
      name: calico-kube-controllers
      namespace: kube-system
      labels:
        k8s-app: calico-kube-controllers
    spec:
      nodeSelector:
        kubernetes.io/os: linux
      tolerations:
        # Mark the pod as a critical add-on for rescheduling.
        - key: CriticalAddonsOnly
          operator: Exists
        - key: node-role.kubernetes.io/master
          effect: NoSchedule
      serviceAccountName: calico-kube-controllers
      priorityClassName: system-cluster-critical
      # The controllers must run in the host network namespace so that
      # it isn't governed by policy that would prevent it from working.
      hostNetwork: true
      containers:
        - name: calico-kube-controllers
          image: reg.fpdev.tech/proxy/calico/kube-controllers:v3.18.6
          env:
            # The location of the etcd cluster.
            - name: ETCD_ENDPOINTS
              valueFrom:
                configMapKeyRef:
                  name: calico-config
                  key: etcd_endpoints
            # Location of the CA certificate for etcd.
            - name: ETCD_CA_CERT_FILE
              valueFrom:
                configMapKeyRef:
                  name: calico-config
                  key: etcd_ca
            # Location of the client key for etcd.
            - name: ETCD_KEY_FILE
              valueFrom:
                configMapKeyRef:
                  name: calico-config
                  key: etcd_key
            # Location of the client certificate for etcd.
            - name: ETCD_CERT_FILE
              valueFrom:
                configMapKeyRef:
                  name: calico-config
                  key: etcd_cert
            # Choose which controllers to run.
            - name: ENABLED_CONTROLLERS
              value: policy,namespace,serviceaccount,workloadendpoint,node
          volumeMounts:
            # Mount in the etcd TLS secrets.
            - mountPath: /calico-secrets
              name: etcd-certs
          readinessProbe:
            exec:
              command:
              - /usr/bin/check-status
              - -r
      volumes:
        # Mount in the etcd TLS secrets with mode 400.
        # See https://kubernetes.io/docs/concepts/configuration/secret/
        #- name: etcd-certs
        #  secret:
        #    secretName: calico-etcd-secrets
        #    defaultMode: 0400
        - name : etcd-certs
          hostPath:
            path: /etc/etcd/ssl


---

apiVersion: v1
kind: ServiceAccount
metadata:
  name: calico-kube-controllers
  namespace: kube-system

---

# This manifest creates a Pod Disruption Budget for Controller to allow K8s Cluster Autoscaler to evict

apiVersion: policy/v1beta1
kind: PodDisruptionBudget
metadata:
  name: calico-kube-controllers
  namespace: kube-system
  labels:
    k8s-app: calico-kube-controllers
spec:
  maxUnavailable: 1
  selector:
    matchLabels:
      k8s-app: calico-kube-controllers